What are computer skills?
Computer skills fit into two categories: hardware and software.
Hardware skills allow you to physically operate a computer. Hardware skills can be as simple as knowing how to turn devices on and off. They might also involve more complex tasks like connecting machines to networks, changing parts, or fixing broken devices. For these complex tasks, many employers hire trained technicians with advanced computer skills.
Software skills help you to efficiently use computer programs and applications. There are some software skills that employers may consider as prerequisites to employment. Employers may not include some software skills on job posts under the assumption they are universally understood. For example, many employers may believe all applicants have a basic knowledge of word processing programs, like Microsoft Word. Some common computer skills include Analytics, Social media, Graphic design, Microsoft Office, Spreadsheets, Email communication, Marketing automation, Data visualization. Certain software skills are more commonly desired in different fields. If you’re a computer programmer, you may be required to know various coding languages like Python, C++, Java or HTML, among others.
Why are computer skills important?
Most jobs now require the use of computers, mobile devices or software applications in some capacity. Some employers will require prior knowledge or experience with specific applications, while others will offer on-the-job training. If you have a working knowledge of commonly used software, you may be able to more easily learn how to use new programs.
Whether you’re employed in customer service, manufacturing, food service or tech, employers use computer applications to automate certain tasks, streamline communication and more.
Job applicants with computer skills are highly sought-after due to the increase of technology in the workplace. You can showcase your computer skills by identifying computer-related requirements on job postings and explaining on your resume how you meet or exceed those requirements with past experience.
Computer skills examples
The types of computer skills employers expect will vary depending on your career or industry. Some of the most important computer skills to learn include the following:
1. Operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
An operating system is a software that supports and manages a computer’s basic functions. Although there are many different operating systems, most people’s use either Windows or macOS. If you have more experience in one or the other, it may be helpful to spend some time learning the basics of the other operating system.
2. Office suites (Microsoft Office, G Suite)
Basic knowledge of productivity software suites can add value to your resume. Office software suites are composed of various collaboration and productivity tools, like Microsoft Word, Outlook and Excel. Knowing how to use these applications can help you perform tasks on the job. Word processors, such as Microsoft Word or Google Docs, are among the most commonly used productivity tools.
3. Presentation software (PowerPoint, Keynote)
Presentation skills are both valuable soft and computer skills. Presentation software is important to have a basic knowledge of in many careers both for organizing and presenting ideas in a company, internally and externally. There are several programs you can use to create presentations, including PowerPoint, which is the most widely used software across industries.
4. Spreadsheets (Excel, Google Spreadsheets, etc.)
Spreadsheets are applications used to organize data and other information into tables and quickly calculate numbers. Spreadsheets can also be used for advanced data analysis.
5. Communication and collaboration tools (Slack, Skype, etc.)
Many businesses use communication and collaboration tools to help with productivity. Tools such as Slack and Skype are popular among businesses where individuals often telecommute.
6. Social media (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, etc.)
Social media skills are now highly desired as companies look to increase and manage their online presence. These skills are more commonly desired for positions in public relations, marketing and advertising. Knowledge of specific social media software like LinkedIn is often required for many of these positions.
There are other skills too which are necessary and needs a long time practice to adapt completely especially programming and graphics design(Photoshop, Illustrator, Acrobat, HTML/CSS).
Source : Indeed